Installing a tankless water heater is a complex process that requires a lot of hard work and patience. Due to the immense number of benefits of tankless heating units many prefer to replace their old storage water heaters with the latest tankless ones. If you have also purchased one now this question might pop up in mind that How to Install a Tankless Water Heater. The two types of tankless water heaters are based on the source of energy. The electric-powered ones are comparatively easier to install than the gas ones. This is cause for the gas ones the user needs to have proper connections, combustion gases exit valve, and safety measures.
Installing a Tankless Water Heater
There are different types of tankless water heaters available on the market that you can get. The gas and electric tankless water heaters installation processes are a bit similar but still have minor differences. Below we have described in detail the methods of installing the tankless water heaters.
How to Install an Electric Tankless Water Heater
Tankless water heaters heat water on demand. It means water starts heating only when the faucet is turned on. As the user turns on the faucet water starts running through the tap. This water then reaches the electric heating element which raises the temperature of the water. The heated water is then supplied out of the faucet. To have an efficiently working electric tankless water heater the electric connections should be done vigilantly. The job can be done by a professional plumber. But what if you want to install your unit yourself. It’s surely possible but for you to be able to do so you need to know some basic steps. This article aims at enlisting the main points the user should be aware of while self water heater installation. This can make the process of installation easy for the buyer. Moreover, this reduces the chances of installation defects.
Is your house already electric wired? Installing an electric appliance becomes easy when the house is already fully electric wired. These appliances demand a large electric supply so make sure the unit gets the needed electric supply to function effectively. To install such a unit you need to have bigger brakes and wires or else you will get lukewarm water. To know whether your present electric supply will be sufficient for your water heating unit can be found by looking at the breaker box. If you are not able to decipher whether the current electric supply will work for your home or not try contacting your electrician.
The water heater needs a certain level of water pressure to function. The required water pressure for most water heating units is 150 psi. If your water pressure is higher than this then install a pressure-reducing valve. If your water supply has a lower water pressure then this water won’t heat up as required.
In some parts of the world, you have to get a safety permit before installing a unit. This includes an inspection of your place to look for any safety hazards. A plumbing inspector will come to look for the installation work. They need to assure the connections are proper for the efficient working of the unit and won’t cause any safety issues to other nearby residents.
Location of Installation
Look for the right place to install your water heating unit. Try installing the unit at a location where you will need the warm water supply often near the dishwashing faucet or the laundry tap. As the electric water heaters don’t need venting and they don’t have a storage tank so you can place such a unit in any corner of your bathroom. This is good news for those who have a small bathroom and installing a new unit will cause suffocation. With such a unit you won’t worry about space and can install the appliance in any corner. However, beware not to install the unit anywhere close to the water tap so water won’t splash on it. Avoid places that are damp and have excessive moisture or humidity. If any of the above scenarios happens it can lead to unit damage.
Tools Needed for Installation of Tankless Water Heater
The tools needed for DIY unit installation are
- Flathead screwdriver
- Measuring tape
- Pipe cutter
- Piping ½ “
- Recirculation pump
Please note that improper installation can lead to voiding the warranty. The self-installation of an electric water heating unit is a complex task. If you fear you will not be able to do the task then take help from a professional electrician. Trying to save a few bucks can result in damaging the unit.
- Start by disconnecting all power and water supply to your home.
- Remove the front cover of the unit.
- Mount the unit on the valve. Use the screws and anchors included in the package.
- Now make the cold and warm water connections using stainless steel pipes. Use copper tubing for high-temperature appliances.
- Some water heating units have a filter at the cold water inlet. This filter needs to be cleaned once a month. For easy maintenance, the cold water connections should be easier to remove.
- A shutoff valve installed before and after the heater helps cut off the water supply whenever there is a need for cleaning. Place a pressure reduction valve on the cold water inlet in case your water pressure is higher than required.
- Open all taps connected to the water heating unit to allow any air to escape that might be trapped in the pipes. Check for any possible leakage out of the pipes. Now close all the taps.
- Using the manual make electric connections between the water heater and the electric panel. Larger units will need more circuits and a thicker wire. Check each electrical wire to the needed length and make sure you connect it to the right slot.
- Recheck all the electric connections to make sure you have not done any mistakes.
- Replace the front cover and turn on the circuit breaker.
- Now configure your electric water heater to the required setting.
- Open a warm water outlet to check if you have done the job right.
How to Install a Gas Tankless Water Heater
Gas tankless water heaters need proper venting of the combustion gases. The units with sealed combustion can be installed in any available space. Make sure that you get the safety permit that ensures the unit won’t cause any hazard for others nearby. Once you are ready with all tools and supplies the steps are listed next
Proper Gas Connection
Gas tankless water heaters heat water on demand. The water is not stored in a tank. This minimizes energy loss. The gas-supplied units need a proper gas connection, combustion air, and vent system. In the long run, these units have a low running cost and are more useful but the installation cost is pretty high. For the unit’s efficient performance, you might need to upgrade your gas line.
Installing a tank-less gas water heater without any prior experience can be pretty dangerous and is not advised at all. Take help from a professional plumber for a seamless installation of the unit. Gas tankless water heaters need a higher water supply than storage ones. For this, the user needs to get a larger gas pipe. To increase the gas line according to the tank size take help from a licensed contractor.
Replacing the Old Water Heating Unit
If you are using the new unit to replace the older storage unit follow the listed steps
- Turn off the gas supply, water supply, and any other electric supply to the unit.
- Once the unit is fully disconnected drain the water inside the storage tank.
- Disconnect the gas and water line from the unit.
- Discard your old unit. Ask any nearby recycling company for information about how to dispose of the unit properly.
Placing the Water Heater
Tankless water heating units need direct venting to the outside. Look at the user manual for instructions about how to vent the unit directly.
- Choose a location for the water heater that allows easy direct venting to the outside. Follow the installation instructions in the manual to ensure the safety guidelines are followed properly. Ensure you have followed the proper vent requirements like the distance from the window, the door is minimum.
- Make a mounting box for the new unit using lumber and plywood. Build the box strong enough so it can bear the weight of the heating unit. Secure the mounting box to the basement wall using anchors.
- Now mount the tank-less water heater onto the mounting box securely following the manual instructions.
- Installing gas line
- To make a gas connection you need to have some prior experience if you have not done any such job before then take help from a professional.
- If your gas line size is fine according to the current water heater size connect the same line to the water heater using a threaded black iron pipe. The length of pipe and fittings you need will depend on the length of the pipe.
- Once the gas line is connected place a shutoff valve and Sediment trap. Use the manual for instructions about how to install them.
- When making gas line connections use the thread designed specifically for the gas lines. Once you are done with all the connections use a pressure test gauge to check for gas. Gas line installation is the most complex job.
Newbies should not try to do this by themselves at all. Taking help from a licensed contractor is always recommended.
New Water Lines
- Connect the water supply line to the water heater. To do this follow the manual instructions. Run the new cold and hot water lines to the unit.
- Use a sanding cloth to clean the area. Use a deburring tool for the cut sections.
- For the remaining copper sections dry fit everything. Use a brush to clean each joint.
- Bell hangers help hold the pipes in place. This will make it easy to apply pipe insulation later on. See the user’s manual for more detailed information.
Installing Pressure Relief Valve
This is a safety step. The pressure relief valve helps get rid of any excess pressure that builds up inside the unit due to water overheating. This prevents any hazardous situation. Install a pressure relief valve according to the instructions given in the manual. Turn the water supply on and check for any water leakage. Turn the Gas supply line on and again monitor for any possible leakage. Once you have made sure that no pipe is leaking and all connections are proper then turn off the valve and carry on with the installation process.
Use a silicone sealant on the vent shaft of the water heater. Use a section of the stainless steel vent pipe. Make sure the opening is pointing in the direction where the water heater will vent. Cut out the vent hole. Place flange into the vent hole. Connect the vent hood and replace the sidings. PVC pipe can be used for venting too. The process of installation will be the same as above.
- Turning on the hot water tap
- Turn on the hot water faucet so the air can move out. Now turn the tap off.
- Connect the water heater. Insulate the hot water pipes. Turn on the gas supply line. Follow any special guidelines given by the manufacturer regarding startup.
Installing a tankless water heater is not an easy job. We hope that our guide about How to Install a Tankless Water Heater will benefit you when installing a tankless heating unit yourself. If you are not experienced enough then get help from a professional. Larger homes will need more than one unit. If the number of units is not increased according to demand it will result in a longer time needed for water heating. Now you are done with the job and enjoy a hot water shower anytime.
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